Sep 4, 2005
Sep 1, 2005
Aug 26, 2005
Kota Al-Marhum Kayang is where the early settlement of Kedah ruling in Perlis and ancient royal mausoleums are located. Here, one can find the burial grounds of two of the 16th century Sultans of Kedah where simple mausoleums are marked by gravestones with wooden ruins that used to pinpoint the site.
Nearby is an area believed to be the site of one of the Sultan's palaces surrounded on each side by limestone hills. This is reminiscent of the palace built by the late Sultan Dhiauddin Almukaram Shah, a late 16th century Sultan who gave Perlis the title 'Indera Kayangan'.
Two of the Sultan's personal efforts are still evident today. One is a partially-enclosed spring which supplied fresh mineral water to the palace while the other is a canal built in 1680 connecting Alor Setar to the palace and from the palace to the burial grounds, thus permitting boat passages between the points.
Currently, archaeological digs are in progress as part of efforts to discover historical artefacts from the fort.
Kompleks ini yang dilengkapi dengan sebuah muzium di bina untuk memperingati, bekas pusat pemerintahan lama yang pernah bertapak di sini dikenali dengan nama Kota Indera Kayangan, mengandungi Istana Sultan dan balai penghadapan yang dibina semasa zaman pemerintahan Sultan Dhiauddin Mukarram Shah I (1661-1687). Apabila mangkat, baginda digelar sebagai Al-Marhum Kayang Pertama dan dimakamkan di dalam kota ini. Sultan Dhiauddin Mukarram Shah II (1797-1804) yang digelar Al-Marhum Kayang Kedua, Raja yang memerintah Kayang dan Sentol pernah juga bersemayam di sini. Selain itu, di kota ini terdapat sistem pengairan pertama di negeri Perlis iaitu sebuah terusan yang menghubungkannya dengan laut.
MUSEUM KOTA KAYANG
This new museum is situated close to what was historically a fortified area. In fact, the word 'Kota' translates as fort in English. The area is also the burial ground for two 16th century Sultans of Kedah with the remains of a palace surrounded on three sides by limestone outcrops.
The site is marked by two simple mausoleums with gravestones and the remnants of timbers that demarcated the burial sites.
While excavation works were going on during the ground works for the new museum, artifacts from what appear to be the late Neolithic era were found. A bell-mouthed jar of red slip ware, cord marked style, signifying the Ban Kao Neolithic culture of southern Thailand and Malaya was found fairly intact. A similar splayed foot beaker and two excellent polished stone adzes all corresponding to other similar finds in northern Malaya probably date to around 2,000 to 2,500 years in age.
Also found at the same site is what appears to be a die or mould of Indian origin. Other artifacts of Indian origin have been found in the northern regions, especially pottery, and dates back to 2,600 to 2,200 years, corresponding with the finds of the museum site.
Aug 25, 2005
Kota Indera Kayangan, 1664-1687
Terletak di tepi Sungai Perlis di antara bandar Kangar dengan Kuala Perlis. Ianya diasaskan oleh Sultan Dhiauddin Mukarram Shah I (1661-1687). Sebuah lagi kota dan istana dibina di Bukit Pinang tempat Semayam Raja Muda.
Zaman ini angkatan Bugis cuba menyerang Kedah disebabkan soal perlantikan Raja Muda tetapi gagal. Selepas kemangkatan baginda (1687), pusat pemerintahan ini diabaikan tetapi kembali berfungsi apabila Tunku Dhiauddin menjadi Sultan Dhiauddin Mukarram Shah II (1797-1804)
KANGAR, Jan 27 (Bernama) -- Broken old crockery, believed to have originated from China, was found buried two metres deep at the Sungai Perlis beutification project site in Kampung Almarhum Kayang near here.
Perlis Drainage and Irrigation Department (DID) Director Hanapi Mohamed Noor said Thursday the artifacts were found on Wednesday by the contractor undertaking the project and would be handed over to the Museums and Antiquities Department.
Following the discovery, all physical work at the site had been halted to facilitate a study by the department, he said at the site.
He said the artifacts were found some 500 metres from the site of the Indera Kayangan Castle, used as Perlis' administrativecentre in the 18th century, on which the Kota Kayang Museum was built.
The RM2 million river beautification project, including the development of recreational parks along the riverbanks, started in December last year and is expected to be completed in the middle of this year.
Sultan Dhiauddin Almukaram Shah's mausoleums
|KOTA AL MARHUM KAYANG
In the same vicinity are located the burial grounds of two of the 16th Century Sultans of Kedah. These are now seen as simple mausoleums marked by gravestones with remnants of wood used to mark the site.
Nearby, too, is an area of land believed to be the site of one of the Sultanís palaces surrounded on each side by limestone hills. This is reminiscent of the palace built by Almarhum Sultan Dhiauddin Almukaram Shah of the late 16th century who had given the name of Indra Kayangan to Perlis then.
Two of the Sultanís personal efforts are still evident today. One is a partially-enclosed spring which supplied fresh mineral water to the palace and is still seen intact today. The other is the canal built by the Sultan in about 1680 connecting Alor Setar to his palace in Kuala Perlis and from the palace to the burial grounds, thus permitting boat passages between the points.